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Relations Between The E.U And Cuba very Cold Now

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Relations Between The E.U And Cuba very Cold Now

Mensaje por Wajiro el Jue Abr 01, 2010 3:17 pm

Spanish to English translationShow romanization
Relations between Cuba and the European Union are going through a new period of turbulence. The death of prisoner of conscience Orlando Zapata and the subsequent international condemnation of the government of Raul Castro has again shaken the foundations of Spanish policy favorable to promote a rapprochement between Brussels and Havana. At the last European Parliament resolution on the human rights situation in Cuba, and the equally harsh response from the Cuban National Assembly continued the suspension of the meeting to be hold in Madrid, on April 6, Foreign Minister Cuban, Bruno Rodriguez and his Spanish counterpart Miguel Angel Moratinos, as a representative of the EU.

According to European diplomatic sources, the meeting is not suspended altogether. Is officially "postponed" by the decision of both parties and could be held in late April or on the eve of the summit between the European Union and Latin America and the Caribbean, scheduled for May 18 in the Spanish capital. Apparently he heated the atmosphere has advised Rodriguez Moratinos to-day by a meeting that could confuse things further.

In the words of European diplomats consulted in Havana, the postponement of the ministerial summit does not mean a "derailment of the dialogue process", although "evidence that the situation is complicated." It is clear that the impact of the Zapata case and rear tail-the hunger strike the opponent Guillermo Fariñas and repression of protests of the Ladies in White "have exposed the fragility of the political relations between Cuba and the EU, subject permanently to cyclical swings and full of contradictions.

Today is even more relevant than ever debate on the effectiveness of current policy toward Cuba Twenty. Based on the 1996 Common Position, adopted at the behest of former Spanish President Jose Maria Aznar, the line determines the normalization of relations to progress in the field of human rights and democratic freedoms in the island. Spain maintains that this policy has not produced the expected results and that the dialogue and the "constructive engagement" is the best strategy to support changes in Cuba.

"Confrontation or dialogue? The question, basically, is to decide which of the two approaches can promote and defend more effectively the interests and European values in all fields, including human rights field. "There seems to be the perception that eliminating the common position would be to abandon the claims of the European Union in the field of Human Rights. This is not true," said recently the representative in Cuba of the European Commission, Javier Niño. According to him, "a possible bilateral agreement to replace the common position would necessarily have to incorporate a human rights clause, within which would be discussed in a structured manner and regulate these issues."

The debate over which is better, if the pressure or normalization of relations, is at least unusual. Some diplomats believe that "the normalization, in fact, is already a reality, Europe is the second or third largest trading partner of Cuba, the largest investor in the island and the main source of tourists, development cooperation was restored in October 2008 and there is also a regular process of political dialogue. "

Zapata's case has shaken the delicate balance of power between Brussels and Havana. And also between Madrid and Brussels, where it seems difficult now to change the policy toward Cuba.

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